__ | __|__ | __| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | _Tsu-la-s-gi POTTS __| | | | | __ | | | | | __|__ | | | | |__| | | | | __ | | | | |__|__ | | |--Mary POTTS | (.... - 1848) | __ | | | __|__ | | | __| | | | | | | __ | | | | | | |__|__ | | |_Elsie __??__ _______| | | __ | | | __|__ | | |__| | | __ | | |__|__
Data from Halley and David Hampton's file which supplied death data.
 All data from an article dated June 26, 1999, entitled TRAIL OF TEARSSURVIVORS HONORED AND REMEMBERED, previously published by Julia M.Case and Myra Vanderpool Gormley, CG, Missing Links: RootsWeb'sGenealogy Journal, Vol. 4, No. 28, 7 July 1999. See article at ChiefJohn Ross.
 All data from David Hampton's file.
 All data from Ball.
_____________________ | ______________________|_____________________ | ______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | _Horace POWELL _______| | | | | _____________________ | | | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | | | |______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | | |--Ella June POWELL | | _William NELSON _____ | | | _Samuel D., I NELSON _|_____________________ | | (1802 - 1863) | _Jerome Clark NELSON _| | | (1845 - 1928) | | | | _____________________ | | | | | | |_Elizabeth BERRY _____|_____________________ | | |_Ella Deborah NELSON _| (1881 - ....) | | _____________________ | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | |_Nancy SHORT _________| | | _____________________ | | |______________________|_____________________
 All data from Stewart.
_____________________ | ______________________|_____________________ | ______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | _Horace POWELL _______| | | | | _____________________ | | | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | | | |______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | | |--Hattie May POWELL | | _William NELSON _____ | | | _Samuel D., I NELSON _|_____________________ | | (1802 - 1863) | _Jerome Clark NELSON _| | | (1845 - 1928) | | | | _____________________ | | | | | | |_Elizabeth BERRY _____|_____________________ | | |_Ella Deborah NELSON _| (1881 - ....) | | _____________________ | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | |_Nancy SHORT _________| | | _____________________ | | |______________________|_____________________
 All data from Stewart.
 All data from Stewart.
_____________________ | ______________________|_____________________ | ______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | _Horace POWELL _______| | | | | _____________________ | | | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | | | |______________________| | | | | _____________________ | | | | |______________________|_____________________ | | |--Thyda Joe POWELL | | _William NELSON _____ | | | _Samuel D., I NELSON _|_____________________ | | (1802 - 1863) | _Jerome Clark NELSON _| | | (1845 - 1928) | | | | _____________________ | | | | | | |_Elizabeth BERRY _____|_____________________ | | |_Ella Deborah NELSON _| (1881 - ....) | | _____________________ | | | ______________________|_____________________ | | |_Nancy SHORT _________| | | _____________________ | | |______________________|_____________________
 All data from Stewart.
Data from Hicks and Witt who supplied the following information -
SOUTH CAROLINA GERMAN-AMERICAN OF THE MONTH
CHRISTIAN GOTTLIEB PRIBER is one of the most intriguing Germanimmigrants in pre-revolutionary South Carolina. He was born in Zittau,Germany on Mar 21, 1697, son of the linen merchant and pub ownerFriedrich Priber and his wife Anna Dorothea Bergmann. His mother wasthe widow of Gottfried Mussingang, a member of Zittau's City Counciland senior of the shoemaker's guild. In accordance with the family'ssolid upper middle class background, Christian was sent to study lawat the University of Erfurt where he published his inauguraldissertation in Oct 1722 on Usu doctrinae juris Romani de ignorantiaejuris in foro Germaniae (The Use of the Study of Roman Law and theIgnorance of that Law in the Public Life of Germany). Returning toZittau to practice law, Priber married Christiane Dorothea Hoffman onNov 17, 1722. Christiane was a portrait painter and daughter ofGottfried Hoffman, rector of the Classical College, senator, merchant,and noted printer.
By 1732 the couple had at least 3 sons and 2 daughters, and Christianhad advanced to "Oberamtsregierungsadvokat" in Zittau, i.e.,government counselor at the area Superior Court.
In the early 18th century the educated European elite witnessed aflowering of literary utopian models of a violence-free, tolerant,all-inclusive society, culminating in Rousseau's concept of the noblesavage. These social models were readily embraced by a society lookingfor change from the absolute power of the monarch to a more democraticsociety, suitable to a rising bourgeoisie. It is not known when Priberdecided to trade his comfortable life for an idealistic adventure intoutopia, but when he headed for America, he initially intended hisfamily to join him.
In 1735 Priber was in Charleston and advertised the sale of hisbelongings in Dec 1735 in editions of the South Carolina Gazette: "Tobe Sold by Mr. Priber near Mr. Laurans the Sadler, ready made menscloaths, wiggs, spatterdashes of fine holland, shoes, boots guns,pistols, powder, a silver repeating watch, a sword with a silver gilthilt, english seeds, beds & a fine chest of drawers very reasonablefor ready Money, he intending to stay but a few weeks in this Town."
On Feb 27, 1736 the S.C. Council Journal reports Priber's petition fora land grant in Amelia township, stating that he had "a family of sixpersons in the province and also a wife, four children and one servantin Saxony." The Council granted him land, but Priber went directlyinto Cherokee country, making his way 500 miles by mountain trailacross the Appalachians. With his trunk of books, paper, and ink hereached Great Tellico, chief town of the Over-Hill Cherokees, in thesame year.
Priber was envied by the English traders who saw him quickly gain theconfidence of the Cherokees: "Being a great Scholar he soon madehimself master of their Tongue, and by his insinuating mannerIndeavoured to gain their hearts, he trimm'd his hair in the indianmanner & painted as they did going generally almost naked except ashirt & a Flap" (Ludovick Grant, principal trader at Tellico).
Priber used his influence with the Indians to protect them fromexploitation by traders, and worked to establish their independenceand equality with their neighbors regardless of race. He taught themthe use of weights and measures, and, to protect them from beingcheated by traders and pack-horsemen, he constructed steelyards fortheir use. Most notably he advised them to turn away from war and totrade with the French and English on the same terms to be courted andto receive presents from both.
Moytoy, then head chief of the Cherokee Nation, had a daughterClogoittah whom Priber took to wife. With her, Priber had a daughter,Creat, born about 1740. With Moytoy as chief and himself as executor,Priber began to carry out his vision to create a state governed onlyby natural law with the fundamental rights of liberty and equality formen and women alike. All its members were to have opportunity todevelop to the fullest extent, work according to their abilities,share of their talents and take of the common property according toindividual needs. Children, too, were to be cared for and instructedin communal fashion by the entire village, and this new social orderon an essentially moral and metaphysical basis was to welcome otherIndian Nations and races, the oppressed and persecuted, debtors andslaves. Priber planned to move the chief seat of government to a placerevered by the Cherokees where in ancient times their town ofCoosawattee had stood.
Nobody would have cared about Priber's philosophy, had it notinterfered with the economic and political goals of the Colonialgovernment. On Mar 2, 1739 the South Carolina Commons House ofAssembly awarded £402 to Col. Jos. Fox and two men "going to theCherokees to bring down Dr. Priber." Fox did not succeed because theCherokees refused to extradite Priber, but the hunt for the idealistwas on. On May 30, 1743 the S.C. Gazette reported that Captain Kent,British commander at Fort Augusta, had perceived "a remarkableintractability in the Creek Indians in matters of trade," and,learning that Priber was about to take a journey, he employed Creeksand frontiersmen to waylay him at Tallipoose village. Priber wascaptured and taken with all his manuscripts and under heavy Indianguard to Frederica to await General Oglethorpe's return from hisexpedition against the Spanish at St. Augustine. The General found aman "who appeared in his dress a perfect Indian, a man of politenessand gentility, who spoke Latin, French, Spanish, and German fluentlyand English brokenly" (Mellon).
Under Oglethorpe's guardianship and the protection of Cherokees whoset up residence around Frederica, Priber enjoyed some considerablefreedoms in his prison. He entertained the intelligentsia ofFrederica, among them the physician Frederick Holtzendorff fromBrandenburg, and the Lutheran pastor Johann Ulrich Drießler, whom heassisted in translating the Lord's Prayer and some bible verses intothe Cherokee language. His cell in the barracks served for some timeas a literary salon. Priber also wrote the first dictionary of theCherokee tongue. This manuscript is considered lost, but may be theCompendium printed anonymously in surveyor general J. Wilhelm GerhardDeBrahm's Report.
Shortly after Oglethorpe left Georgia for England, Priber died whilestill imprisoned at Frederica. He was about 47 years old and likely isburied in an unmarked grave on St. Simon's island off the Georgiacoast.
Literature:Knox Mellon, Jr.: "Christian Priber's Cherokee 'Kingdom ofParadise,'" in: Georgia Historical Quarterly 57 (1973), 319-331.
Katharine de Baillou: "Oglethorpe's Statement on Christian Pryber,"in: Georgia Historical Quarterly 44 (1960), 100-101
Knox Mellon, Jr.: "Christian Priber And The Jesuit Myth," in: S.C.Historical Magazine 61 (1960), 75-81
Verner W. Crane: "A Lost Utopia of the First American Frontier," in:The Sewanee Review 27 (1919), p. 48-61
Louis De Vorsey, Jr., ed: DeBrahm's Report of the General Survey inthe Southern District of North America (U. of S.C. Press, 1971). Pages115-131 contain the anonymous "Compendium Of the Cherokee IndianTongue in English"
South Carolina German-American Page
Previous German-Americans of the Month Pages email:firstname.lastname@example.org
Note from McLeester - In reference to Priber having written the firstdictionary in the Cherokee language, I think this is probably astatement of White supremacy. Add to that the fact that the source inthe "Compendium of the Cherokee Indian Tongue in English" isanonymous", much suspicion is engendered. Please see notes at GeorgeGist/Guess aka Sequoyah.
__ | _____________________|__ | ___________________________| | | | | __ | | | | |_____________________|__ | _Christian Gottilieb PRIBER _| | (1697 - ....) | | | __ | | | | | _____________________|__ | | | | |___________________________| | | | | __ | | | | |_____________________|__ | | |--Creat PRIBER | (1740 - 1790) | __ | | | _Amatoya Moytoy _____|__ | | (1640 - ....) | _Moytoy, I ________________| | | (1687 - 1770) | | | | __ | | | | | | |_Quatsy _____________|__ | | (1650 - ....) |_Clogoittah _________________| (1706 - ....) | | __ | | | _____________________|__ | | |_Woman of Ani'-Ga'Tage'Wi _| (1686 - ....) | | __ | | |_____________________|__
Original data from Hicks.
Witt added the following -
BIG JAKE TROXEL AND PRINCESS CORNBLOSSOM
At the entrance to the Yahoo Falls Recreation Area of the Daniel BooneNational Forest, is located
a single lonely grave, surrounded by a simple pole fence and marked bya standard U.S. Army
Quartermaster headstone which bears a Star of David and theinscription:
PVT 6 CO
PHILADELPHIA CO MILITIA, REVOLUTIONARY WAR
JANUARY 18,1758 - OCTOBER 10 1810
Jacob Troxel was born Philadelphia, PA in 1758. However, he didn't diea physical death
in the massacre at Yahoo Falls (SEE ALSO) as some say. Rather, what hewas died and his body
was secreted away where he died some time later in Alabama. Why wouldsuch prominent
Chickamaugan leaders, such as Big Jake and Doublehead, deaths befaked? To save their people
The Philadelphian Troxels trace their ancestors to the Hebrews of AsiaMinor. Peter Troxel was
born in Switzerland in 1691. Peter, his wife, and two small sonssailed to America on the ship
Samuel and disembarked in Philadelphia in 1733. When 15 years old, hewas living in Philadelphia,
PA at the outbreak of the American Revolution. He enlisted with otheryoung patriots in the sixth company of the Philadelphia Militia wherehe served four years in the Continental Army. This
included the terrible winter of 1777-78 with General GeorgeWashington's army at Valley Forge.
As the main effort of the Revolutionary War appeared to be movingsouth and the British
employment of Indian allies increased, Jacob Troxel was selected byWashington's staff as one of
several young men to move by a round-about route into the backcountry, posing as an Indian
trader, for the purpose of preventing the Indian tribes from joiningwith the British against the
Young Jacob Troxel, known as Big Jake because of his height of oversix feet and easy friendly
manner, was assigned to work with the Indians of the Upper CumberlandRiver. Travelling down the
Ohio River he took a long round-about route to reach his destination.Travelling overland from the
Ohio he reached the old French trading post at Vincennes which was thecenter of the western
Indian trade. While there he made friends with a young Cherokee bravenamed Tuckahoe, the son
of an important chief of the tribe of Cherokee (Tsa-Waagan Tribe)living along the Upper
Cumberland River in the general area of today's McCreary, Pulaski andWayne counties. At the
invitation of the young brave, Jacob Troxel agreed to return with himto his home village and to trade
for skins and furs that the tribe might produce.
After a trip of about 200 miles, Trader Troxel and young Tuckahoearrived at the home village where Troxel was received by the chief,known as Chief Doublehead by the white hunters, with great respect andceremony due a distinguished visitor.
The Marriage of Jacob Troxell and Cornblossom
The Cherokee wedding was held at and around Doubleheads Cave (WayneCounty). The ceremony was tribal. It is said in true memories andstories handed down through my generations of ancestors that thecountry side was in its late spring beauty. Wild tree and fieldflowers were still in full bloom especially the wild mountain laurel.
"The Beloved Woman" then young Cornblossom, was said to have charmedeveryone with her beauty as her blood ancestor War Woman She WhoCarries the Sun (for her people) had done during the French andIndian War. Blossom of the Corn. (Cornblossom) was said to have wornspecially made wedding clothes, highly decorated beaded sandals, and aspecial jewelled traditional Chickamaugan headpiece made by the ClanMothers, over her left ear was said to be a beautiful ornamental wingof the bluebird. It was said that Cornblossom carried many blossomsand wild roses that perfumed the air with sweetness, and also an earof special Clan field corn. This special ear of corn from the fieldof her Cherokee clan symbolized the 1st woman who was called Selu inCherokee. Jacob Troxell brought and carried the finest of meat partlysymbolizing his care of the 1st man who was called Kanati in Cherokee.The 1st man and woman on this world can be found in the stories ofthe Cherokee of "The Story of the Cornmaiden". Cornblossom walkedwith the Great Thunderbolt War Chief and Chickamaugan PrincipalChief Dragging Canoe. Dragging Canoe was said to have led Cornblossomto the center front of Doubleheads Cave (Hines Cave at Mills Springs,Monticello, KY). This special cave was the burial chambers of theancients and diplomatic parlay headquarters of the northernprovisional capital of the Chickamaugan Cherokee Nation. "Big Jake"Jacob Troxell was accompanied by the famous Cherokee ThunderboltPeace Chief Hanging Maw from another direction. Some say Cherokee WarChief Doublehead performed the ceremony himself but according to theCherokee custom this was not allowed. Some highly believe that DickJustice performed the ancient rites as he was in attendance to thisevent. Dick Justice was shaman and powerful Chickamaugan Chief fromthe south near Lookout Mountain and came with Dragging Canoe. DickJustice had fought with and along side Dragging Canoe in manyChickamaugan raids. Soon Jacob Troxell will join in these raids andfight alongside Dick Justice, Doublehead and his 100, Dragging Canoe,and the rest of the "Bloody 7" chiefs. Beloved Maiden Wurteh who wasoft times called Wurty or Wutty by the people and Molly Running Wolfby non-Indians was Doubleheads sister (later to become the mother ofSequoyah who invented the Cherokee alphabet) was also in attendanceand given a high seat of honor at Doubleheads Cave (Hines Cave) andthe wedding ceremony. After all, this area was her birth and homelandas well (later she will remove herself to Tennessee where Sequoyahwill be born). Many holy and medicine people were there to oversee thecorrectness of the ceremonial meaning, purifying the land with smokeand prays. A great Beloved Woman with her 7 assistants were there tooverlook many matters of Cherokee importance. Many warriors and warwomen were in attendance which were decked in the fanciest of fancy,as a Cherokee would always do, wearing many honors. This ceremony willlast for several days with much game playing, amusement, seriouscontemplations, and celebrations including the great Cherokee warriorsDance of the Buffalo Horns and Eagle Tail Dance on which Jacob Troxellwas given a seat with the leaders white peace and red war and talkedamong the elders with their great ancient wisdom. And of Cornblossom,she held high adoration among the Most Honored Woman the Ghighau andheld distinction at the Council of Women. Many Native people attendedand had traveled far to attend this special Chickamaugan Cherokeewedding and celebration. In attendance were some Shawnee high leaderssuch as Chiefs Walking Bear and Broken Stick from across the KYCumberland River as well as some Creek from the south, Chickasaw fromwestern KY and western TN, Choctaw from the south, Yuchee from TN,Mingo from Northern KY, Ottawa, Miami, and Delaware from across theOhio River. But all the possessions and its native bearing were lookedover by the Cherokees of the Chickamaugans. It is said that at least 1if not more dignitaries of all the inter-tribal nations came towitness this event, there were some, though few in numbers, who camefrom the far northern resistance movement of the Ojibwe and GreatLakes Tribes to the Gulf of Mexico in the south. The reason being,Doublehead was not only a high Chickamaugan War Chief and well knownfor his resistance movement with his brothers and family relations,but was a Chickamaugan District Chief from Knoxville, TN to the OhioRiver, 2nd in command to his brother Dragging Canoe who was PrincipalChief of the whole Chickamaugan Cherokee Nation, and came from anancestral blood line of Great Leaders who fought in the ancient MoundBuilders War that reduced the then 14 clans of the Cherokee to thepresent 7 clans as we see them today. Doublehead was head of theKentucky Cherokees, the Cherokees of the north, at this time. All thehistorical "Bloody 7" attended. It was as if the traditionalChickamaugan capital at Running water Town near Lookout Mountain ofthe 5 lower Chickamauga towns had been moved briefly temporarily toMonticello, KY to the Hines Cave (Doubleheads Cave) area and northernupper Chickamauga towns on the Kentucky Cumberland River. Sacred Smokefrom the councils, houses, squares, and other areas filled the sky.
Where this traditional wedding was performed, at Doubleheads (Hines)Cave, it was the diplomatic headquarters for thousands of years. Manymounds and people dwelled throughout the area of Wayne Co., especiallyalong the Cumberland River and its many tributaries. This was theplace where all tribal bonding occurred through friendship andinter-tribal agreements. This was as one would say today, the CherokeeWhite House and Embassy of the Kentucky Cherokees and the CumberlandPlateau for the Cherokee Nations northern provincial capital. Thisarea was the birthplace of Doublehead and many others of the northernCherokee Nation of the Chickamaugans.
With Chief Oconostota, Attakullakulla, and Dragging Canoe at theirsides, and many Cherokee warriors posted all along the way as honor,the children with bunches of wild flowers, led by the very younghonored little girl named Standing Fern (who will later become amighty War Leader and marry the 1st born son of Jacob and Cornblossomcalled War Chief Peter Troxell), and a little boy named Hopping crow,they all paraded down to the nearby stream and onward to theCumberland riverside called Ta-Eache by the Cherokee, River of theBlue Flute. Some children, further upstream, threw wild flowers intothe running water, as the final Cherokee rites of the wedding ceremonyare
performed. It was said that Jacob Troxell and Cornblossom faced eachother, hand in hand, until all the wild flowers floated by ....symbolizing that their lives were to continue as one stream, in ajourney, as some would say "Until Death Do Them Part" (how true thiswould later become on Friday Aug 10, 1810).
Also among the guests at the wedding were some non-Indian friendlies:John Mounce of Rock Creek, Thomas Bell of the Blue Hole, and some fewothers accepted by, and adopted by the surrounding tribal people. Ofthe occasion, colonial fiddle music was played by Mr. Bell and ofcourse the mighty Chickamaugan Cherokee celebrated the wedding asdrums, singing, and dancing echoed through the whole CumberlandPlateau with great ceremonial bearing of two great people. A specialnearby marital Cherokee place in Wayne County had been prepared forthem by others for Jacob and Cornblossom.
At this time of the wedding all the area below the Cumberland Riverbelonged to the Cherokee Nation (which included all of Wayne and thecounties east and westward). The Cherokee commerce center at Burnsidehad also been earlier moved to the Doubleheads Cave area due to thetreaty between the land speculators of Henderson and the TransylvaniaCompany of 1775 which supposedly claimed all the land from theCumberland River northward to the Ohio River. Later this treaty ofSycamore Shoals will be found illegal by the new American colonygovernment at Philadelphia. So during this wedding, Wayne County was aprosperous and highly populated Cherokee territory with many Cherokeepeople. Near Doubleheads Cave on both sides of the
Cumberland River were mound after mound of Cherokee dwellings.Wayne/Pulaski/McCreary and the surrounding counties was truly a landof paradise with permanent dwelling quarters of many people,especially the mighty ruling Ani-Yun-Wiya (Chickamaugan Cherokee) andtheir neighbors north of the KY, Cumberland River the mightyShawandasse (Shawnee).
This marriage between "Big Jake" Jacob Troxell (half KY Shawandasseassimilated
Pennsylvania Lenne Lenape) and Cornblossom (the highly honored KyAni-Yun-Wiya, daughter of Doublehead and great grand-daughter ofEmperor Moytoy) brought much happiness to the area. No one thoughtthat it all could end. It was unthinkable, the lands of southern KYand northern TN were so beautiful, so full of wild game and muchseasoned native crops, all so strongly held in inter-tribal sway andbliss. The land seemed so healthy as they were holding out againstaggression and the invasion of settlers incoming to northern KY andinto TN. Even though the so-called Kentucky and Tennessee CherokeeIndian Wars were taking place, the people here seemed strong and theland pure and undefiled. This was how it was during the times of thecoming of the man named Troxell and the marriage of Cornblossom. Butthis happiness will only last a short time as the many settlers,explorers, and long hunters would continue to wage war against theCherokee and anyone who became associated with them. Many Indian Warsfollowed in Wayne and surrounding counties as well as throughout KYand TN as the Cherokee defended their homeland to the end. And amongstthem were the traditionals; Cornblossom, Jacob Troxell, and others,who would defend their people, the Cherokee and allies, to the end.
Later Doublehead removed himself to the south joining Dragging Canoeand the Bloody 7 to defend the Cherokee Nation there at its NationalCapital. Cornblossom becomes head ruler and war woman of the wholeCumberland Plateau area from the Cumberland River to Knoxville, TN.Jacob Troxell also joins with his wife in all her campaigns againstthe settlers of Wayne and Pulaski Counties. War Woman Standing Fernbecomes the War Leader of Yahoo Falls in present day McCreary County.In some early false treaties in the early 1800s, the Cherokees areforced to relocate to McCreary County. Jacob and Cornblossom have atotal of 8 children. The 1st born is a male and later becomes a mightyCherokee War Chief. His name was Peter Troxell.
Cornblossom and Peter Troxell with many Cherokee warriors and warwomen attack the counties of Wayne and Pulaski in 1806 and 1807 forsettlers encroaching on Indian land. Settlers began to attack intoMcCreary County burning several villages, killing the people, runningoff food game, and kidnapping Indians for their own brutalsatisfactions. From this Indian War of Cornblossom and Peter Troxell,Wayne and Pulaski County is brought to their knees in fear of theCherokees as Cornblossom and War Chief Peter Troxell and Standing Fernlash out in defense. Many cabins are
burned in Wayne County. The Governor of Kentucky in 1807 offered theCherokees amnesty if Cornblossom and her son stop their raids. WarChief Peter Troxell agreed and turned in his scalping knife toauthorities at the log courthouse in Monticello in 1807. Where the WWIdoughboy now stands was the log courthouse during this time.
As part of his amnesty, War Chief Peter Troxell also agreed to mark atrail from McCreary County to Monticello as a trade route betweenMonticello and anyone wishing to do trade. At this time, Jacob Troxellhad 3 Cherokee trading posts throughout the area. This marked trail isthe present day road that starts at the present day courthouse next tothe Monticello Banking Company and takes you to McCreary County today.This road has been in use as it has since its beginnings. PeterTroxell
marks the trail for the future road, then the court appoints severalpeople to build it. This is recorded in the old books at the WayneCounty Court Clerks Office. So the road one travels today to McCrearycounty is the same trail marked by the Children of Cornblossom, eventhough all the early settlers that run the Cherokees off seem to getall the credit these days for civilizing the so called howlingwilderness.
This peace treaty between the Governor of KY, the early settlers ofWayne and Pulaski Counties, and the Cherokees is broken in 1810 whichresulted in the tragic Childrens Cherokee Massacre at Yahoo Falls.This massacre raid by the early settlers of Wayne and Pulaski Countyswas intended to rid the area once and for all of the power of theCherokees. Over 100 women and children were slaughtered, Standing Fernkilled defending the Children, Jacob Troxell and others killed asfront guards to Yahoo Falls, War Chief Peter Troxell killed in thelast attack on the Indian fighters at Yahoo Falls, and Cornblossomdied after 2 days and nights of grief over all the deaths. Thismassacre chronicle is told in another story in detail.
All the children of Cornblossom, except her 1st born Peter Troxell,escaped the massacre and are today as the stars in heaven. TheChildren of Peter Troxell also survived. Another Little Jake willbecome famous for defending the Tellico Trail (now KY Hwy 27) againstrobbers. The youngest son of Cornblossom, William Troxell, will removehimself to northeast Alabama near Lookout Mountain, live with theCherokee and Creek people, and become the hidden link between thewestern and eastern Cherokee and Creek people during his lifetime. TheBowl out west and the Cherokee who left Arkansas and Oklahoma to jointhe Comanche in Texas and Mexico, became the link of the hiddenCherokees. This underground road reached from KY to TN to GA thenstraight across northern AL to TX and Mexico.
This would become the information and travel highway connecting theseparation bridge across the Mississippi River. The Bowl was the linkin the West, William Troxell (son of Cornblossom) the link in the Eastand Danny Troxell direct descendent of Cornblossom and Jacob Troxellcalled Big Jake
Late in the fall of 1810, when the moon was round and full, a group ofchildren and women escorts
of Chief Doublehead's tribe of Chickamaguans on their way to Gideon'sBlackburn's Indian school,
gathered at the big rock house below the cliffs where Yahoo Creekplunges eighty feet from the
great Cumberland Plateau to the bottom of the gorge which carries itto the Cumberland River. They
were waiting for Princess Cornblossom to lead them south over the oldTellico Trail to Tennessee.
Some of the women had already shouldered their packs of furs orsleeping mats for the children and
were about to start when shots rang out from the darkness in front ofthe rock house. Bunched under
the rock house and stunned by the unexpected attack, escape wasimpossible. The braves were the first to fall followed quickly by themothers and children until not a single Indian was left standing andthe floor of the rock house was covered with the dead and dying andran red with their blood. After the firing ceased and the little bandof white men who had committed this foul murder were about to leave,the situation was suddenly reversed. Day was just breaking as PrincessComblossom and her notorious son, Little Jake, arrived on the sceneready to lead their people to safety. Taking in the situation at aglance and occupying a commanding position among the rocks whichblocked the white men's escape route, they opened fire. The whiteparty had been reduced to three, but only one of these three survivedthe firing squad of Princess Cornblossom and her son. Before theexecution the Princess pronounced the death sentence in scathing termssuch as "You yonegas - you made a treaty with us- if we didn't steal ahorse then you wouldn't kill us. You yonegas kill our braves. You killour women and our babies. Their blood made red the land you steal."
Princess Comblossom, grief stricken by the massacre of her people,died in a few days and was
buried by the large flat rock beside the old Tellico Trail that hadbeen travelled by her people for so
many years. This flat rock is now within the town of Stearns, KY andthe site is marked by an
appropriate marker and information sign placed there by the KentuckyHistorical Society, which
Burial site of daughter of Chief Doublehead. legend is that as a younggirl she accompanied her father at signing of Treaty of SycamoreShoals, 1775, transferring Cherokee's land between Ohio and CumberlandRivers to Transylvania Society. As-Quaw Tribe settled in region southof river. Protecting tribe's secret mine, she killed a renegade.Married Big Jake, trader.
Perhaps, Cornblossom physically died as related above. Except, she isnot buried in this grave.
Keeping with tradition she was taken to a secret location and therelaid to rest.
LITTLE JAKE TROXEL
With the death of Chief Doublehead in 1807 and the murder of his sonTuckahoe soon after that, the
leadership of the tribe fell to Princess Comblossom. Her son, LittleJake, born less than a year after
her marriage to Big Jake, was now a young brave by tribal standardsand helped his mother in the
handling of the affairs of the tribe, whose numbers had dwindled toless than a hundred members.
New settlements by the whites had crowded them from their previoushomes and hunting grounds
until they were living in an area known as Dry Valley and today isknown as Big Sinking in Wayne
Co., KY. Young Jake had now become a hard-riding, fast shooting,one-man army executing the orders of his mother, now the ruler of thetribe. He is credited for stopping the raids by a group of "yonega"rogues who preyed on the Chickamaguan women carrying corn from theSequatchie Valley back to their homes along the Cumberland River.Young Jake is said to have hunted them all down killing them with hislong rifle. For he next few years Little Jake Troxel after the YahooFalls massacre, the terrorized the settlers along the CumberlandRiver. He finally surrendered to the sheriff of Wayne County atMonticello, KY in return for a promise of amnesty.
Surrendering his scalping knife with nine notches filed on the handle,he settled down on his 180-acre
homestead on the Little South Fork River that today is a rice farm.Little Jake died in 1880, and is
buried in the old part of the graveyard at Parmleysville, KY.
The Snake Doctor
Thank you for your file on DoubleHead and Moytoy. I do not have anyfacts on the daughters other than supposely they were DoubleHeaddaughters. They were Gu-Lu-Sti-Yu born c. 1774 and Ni-Go-Di-Ge-Yu.This is all I have to this point.